PHP Late Static Bindings

Posted by Pinki | Updated on

As of PHP 5.3.0, PHP implements a feature called late static bindings which can be used to reference the called class in a context of static inheritance.

More precisely, late static bindings work by storing the class named in the last “non-forwarding call”. In case of static method calls, this is the class explicitly named (usually the one on the left of the :: operator); in case of non static method calls, it is the class of the object. A “forwarding call” is a static one that is introduced by self::, parent::, static::, or, if going up in the class hierarchy, forward_static_call(). The function get_called_class() can be used to retrieve a string with the name of the called class and static:: introduces its scope.

This feature was named “late static bindings” with an internal perspective in mind. “Late binding” comes from the fact that static:: will not be resolved using the class where the method is defined but it will rather be computed using runtime information. It was also called a “static binding” as it can be used for (but is not limited to) static method calls.

Example #1 self:: usage

The above example will output:

Example #2 static:: simple usage

Reference: https://www.php.net/manual/en/language.oop5.late-static-bindings.php


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