What are the types of validator functions?

Posted by Jennifer | Updated on

In reactive forms, the validators can be either synchronous or asynchronous functions:

  1. Sync validators: These are the synchronous functions which take a control instance and immediately return either a set of validation errors or null. Also, these functions passed as second argument while instantiating the form control. The main use cases are simple checks like whether a field is empty, whether it exceeds a maximum length etc.
  2. Async validators: These are the asynchronous functions which take a control instance and return a Promise or Observable that later emits a set of validation errors or null. Also, these functions passed as second argument while instantiating the form control. The main use cases are complex validations like hitting a server to check the availability of a username or email.

The representation of these validators looks like below:


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